We buy a new dishwasher, sometimes without knowing that there are certain nuances associated with its operation. But it is compliance with the rules and knowledge of the characteristics of the use will help keep the expensive purchase in working condition for many years.
Rule one: we use only special means.
Conventional dishwashing liquid or soap is not suitable: they form an excess of foam, which leads to moisture ingress into electronic components, such as the control module, and unit failure. In contrast to the designated means, special preparations for dishwashers - gels, powders, tablets with soluble or removable shells - are able to ensure the cleanliness of the dishes and the durability of the equipment. To do this, they include mandatory and optional components. The first are:
1. Surface active substances (surfactants) - dissolve fats. They are ionic, anionic and derived from natural components. Differ by the degree of aggressiveness and environmental friendliness, their type and percentage affect the cost of detergent.
2. Enzymes - neutralize protein contamination. For example, amylase, which is part of the tablets for dishwashers Brileo Classic trademark Paclan, one of the leading European brands of household products, breaks down starch, and protease breaks peptide bonds between amino acids in proteins. As a result, enzymes are able to comprehensively cope with such complex contaminants as burnt oatmeal with milk.
3. Bleach - required to remove stains from wine, coffee, beets and other coloring foods and beverages. When studying labels, give preference to those products that include non-toxic oxygen bleach rather than chlorine.
4. Softener (salt) - prepares water for effective operation of washing components, prevents the formation of hardness salts on the walls of the dishwasher and its heating elements. Even with all-in-one pills, you should buy a package of special salt and pour it into the compartment reserved for it. After all, if the water in your area is hard - the softener will need more than is present in the standard composition of the tablet, otherwise the drain pump will suffer. In excessively soft water the dishes are washed worse. An erroneous assessment of water hardness will help to avoid accurate information of public utilities. For example, for Moscow, experts recommend relying on the data of Mosvodokanal and converting them into units that your dishwasher “understands” with a calculator. This will help to properly adjust the consumption of salt.
The additional components that make up the detergents include: rinse aid, which helps to reduce the surface tension of water, ensuring quick drying of dishes, gives shine to glass and stainless steel; rust inhibiting substances (EDTA or polyphosphates, polycarboxylates) - they take care of the condition of the metal parts of the dishwasher.
Rule two: we carry out timely maintenance
Even if the dishwasher looks clean and does not smell of damp or mold, you should not ignore its timely cleaning and preventive washing.
Recommendations for the frequency of care for parts of the dishwasher.
Strainer: Remove, treat with detergent, rinse under running water - at least 1 time per week.
Sprinkler blades (rocker): Remove, rinse, thoroughly clean the nozzles of food debris and grease - as it gets dirty.
Door seal: Wipe with a special tool that does not destroy the rubber - 1 time in 6 months.
Lower part of the door: Wipe with detergent - once a week.
Baskets (shelves, dish holders): Remove, treat with detergent, rinse under running water - as it gets dirty.
Regularly - at least once a week, or better after each wash - wipe the gasket and the front panel (together with the controls) with a damp cloth. Thanks to this solution of pollution, the mold and fungus will not be intimidated by these structural elements. Before loading the machine do not be lazy to clean the plates from any residues. So, our masters often face breakage of the drain pump, caused by the ingress of toothpicks. Thin long objects easily pass through the screen and block the impeller blades.
Rule three: care about the safety of the dishwasher between uses
In the intervals from the cycle to the cycle of the unit, leave the door ajar for 15-20 minutes to ventilate (condensation does not fall out), and clean the dishes in a timely manner. Before a holiday or a long trip, when the dishwasher will not be used for a long time, it should be cleaned with special means. If you don’t have those at hand, start an empty machine on a high-temperature mode with 1-2 tablespoons of baking soda and 1 teaspoon of citric acid added to the powder compartment, and then dry.
It will not be superfluous to refresh knowledge periodically, re-reading the manufacturer's instructions, especially before loading different types of dishes. After all, recommendations for care vary for each material, whether it is stainless steel, glass or porcelain.
And at the first signs of mold or rust, it is necessary not only to deal with the consequences, but also to find out the reasons for their appearance, turning to professionals. Observance of the listed simple rules for handling the dishwasher will extend its service life and give pleasure to use.